Differences Between Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes
Team Novo Nordisk Athletes:
- Joe Eldridge (type 1 diabetes)
- John Anderson (type 2 diabetes)
WHAT IS TYPE 1 DIABTETES?
- Body produces little or no insulin
- Can occur at any age
- Treatment includes insulin injection or infusion
Type 1 diabetes is where the body produces little or no insulin. Its onset can occur anywhere from infancy to thirty years old. But really, at anytime in a person’s life. With this type of diabetes your pancreas cells are actually attacked by your immune system When this happens a person with type 1 diabetes has to inject insulin for the rest of their life or infuse it with an insulin pump. While the causes of type 1 are not yet known, scientist believe that both genetic and environmental factors are involved. And at this time this is no prevention and there is no cure.
WHAT IS TYPE 2 DIABTETES?
- Body doesn’t make enough insulin or can’t use it effectively
- Usually diagnosed in adults, but has begun to appear more frequency in children
- Treatment includes diet, exercise, and in some cases oral drugs and/or insulin
I am living with type 2 diabetes, otherwise known as adult-onset diabetes or non-insulin-dependent diabetes. Type 2 diabetes usually develops after age 40, but it can appear earlier, and recently it has begun to appear with more frequency in children. In type 2 diabetes, the pancreas still does produce insulin, but the body does not produce enough or is unable to use it effectively. Treatment does include diet control, exercise and, in some cases, oral drugs or insulin.
WHAT ARE THE SIMILARITIES BETWEEN TYPE 1 AND TYPE 2 DIABETES?
- Check my blood glucose
- Watch what I eat
- Must make insulin adjustment, if necessary*
- Carry low supplies
- Work with health care professional
- Live life the way I want to
DEFINITIONS FROM JDRF.ORG
This video is solely for educational / informational /inspirational purposes and is not intended as medical advice. It is not a substitute for the advice of a health care professional. If you have diabetes or suspect having any health problems, you should consult a qualified health care professional.
*Patients taking insulin need to adjust their regimen, if required.