Carbohydrate Intake in the Context of Exercise in People with Type 1 Diabetes
27 January 2020
Although the benefits of regular exercise on cardiovascular risk factors are well established for people with type 1 diabetes, glycemic control remains a challenge during exercise. Carbohydrate consumption to fuel an exercise bout and/or for hypoglycemia prevention is important in order to enable a good performance and to avoid hypoglycemia.
In this review article, the authors comprehensively summarize the literature on carbohydrate intake in the context of exercise in people with type 1 diabetes.
In particular, this paper covers the three main factors that are important to consider in the context of exercise:
- the amount of carbohydrates ingested (i.e., quantity in relation to demands to fuel exercise and avoid hypoglycemia)
- the timing of the carbohydrate intake (before, during and after the exercise, as well as circadian factors)
- the quality of the carbohydrates (encompassing differing carbohydrate types, as well as the context within a meal and the associated macronutrients).
Link to published paper: https://www.mdpi.com/2072-6643/11/12/3017